Read ch. 9, What Do We Owe One Another: Dilemmas of Loyalty and Watch Sandel’s Episode 11. Answer ONE of the following in your short essay.
What are the duties of loyalty, or to be loyal? Can these duties conflict with other duties? With themselves? If so, when they conflict, what should a person do?
Do you see any weaknesses to an ethical theory that considers loyalty to be a virtue? Explain. Would you consider other virtues to be more important? And does this lead to criticisms of virtue theory generally, say in favor of Kant’s deontological ethical theory or Mill’s utilitarianism?
(This one might be even harder: bonus for trying!) What connections can you discern between a concern for the common good, (Sandel’s / Aristotle’s) communitarianism, and ethics of solidarity and loyalty? Explain how all these are conceptually related or connected.
GO TO: (http://www.justiceharvard.org/watch/)
AND WATCH : Episode 11 Community and Loyalty (see ch. 9)
Part 1 – THE CLAIMS OF COMMUNITY
Communitarians argue that, in addition to voluntary and universal duties, we also have obligations of membership, solidarity, and loyalty. These obligations are not necessarily based on consent. We inherit our past, and our identities, from our family, city, or country. But what happens if our obligations to our family or community come into conflict with our universal obligations to humanity?
Part 2 – WHERE OUR LOYALTY LIES
Do we owe more to our fellow citizens that to citizens of other countries? Is patriotism a virtue, or a prejudice for one’s own kind? If our identities are defined by the particular communities we inhabit, what becomes of universal human rights?