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What are the particular challenges of democratic governance and how do they open

What are the particular challenges of democratic governance and how do they open opportunities for populist “political entrepreneurs?”
Colombia’s political and economic development is seen to be different than the rest of the Andes – take, for example the long-standing conflict/violence in Colombia.  What are the similarities/differences between Colombia and the rest of the Andes? 
What explains authoritarian survival in Venezuela?
You can use any source, but here are some that might be helpful:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/lamp.12183?saml_referrer
https://muse.jhu.edu/article/760086
https://muse.jhu.edu/article/200110
https://muse.jhu.edu/article/200110